Rules of Handball
Handball is a team sport in which two teams of seven players .
1. Get familiar with the court
In team handball, the court is 20 meters (65 7 ) by 40 meters (131 3 ) large. Here are some things you should know about the court:
The court has a goal area line (also known as the crease), which is a 6 meter (19 8 ) line where only the goalie is allowed to stand. The actual goal is 2 meters high and 3 meters wide. Players can only jump into the goal area if they release the ball before landing there.
A dashed semi circle that is 9 meters from the goal marks the free throw line.
The line at half court is also known as the center line.
Get familiar with the ball, too. Traditionally, handball is played with a 32 panel leather ball. For women, the ball is 54 56 cm wide and for men, it is 58 60 cm wide and a bit heavier than the women s ball.
2. Form a team
There can be seven players on each team out on the court at any given time. One player on each team is the goalie and the remaining six are the court players. Each team can have a total of 12 players (in America) or 14 players (in England) dress and play during a game. The additional players can substitute for the players on the court once the player they are substituting leaves the court, just as in basketball, volleyball, or other sports with substitutes. The non goalie players roles are interchangeable during the game.Players wear uniforms that are numbered 1 20. Each team s players should wear shirts and shorts of the same color, while each goalie wears a different color to stand out from the other teammates.In official games, there are always two referees, one for the court and one for the goal. Their decisions are final.
3. Understand the objective of the game
Each team scores points by throwing the ball into the opposing team s goal. The team that scores the most points wins the game. A game can end in a tie unless you re playing a tournament, which needs a winner to be named. If the game is tied after time runs out, then the teams play 2 5 minute periods of overtime.A team can score a goal after the entire ball crosses the goal line and falls inside the goal. You can score a goal from any type of throw, which means the goal throw, free throw, throw in, or throw off (more information about these throws appears below).
4. Play for the correct length of time
A traditional handball game is played in 2 30 minute halves with a 10 minute break in between. Youth or tournament games are shorter, played in 2 15 minute or 20 minute halves instead.The time marked is the running time of the game. The only times the clock stops are for each team to have one time out per half, and if there is an injury.At half time, the teams switch benches.
5. Understand what the field players can do
These players can touch the ball with all parts of their body above the knee (which means no kicking!). If they have the ball, they can only stay in place for three seconds (think of it as a traveling offense in basketball), and they can only move for three steps with the ball. If they do not follow these rules, the ball goes to the other team. The players must quickly decide whether to shoot the ball, dribble it, or pass it.A player can dribble the ball for as long as he wants, just as long as he keeps his hand on top of the ball. After dribbling, he still gets the usual three steps three seconds rule. If he dribbles again, that s a double dribbling violation and the ball goes to the other team.Other offenses that a player can commit include carrying the ball into the crease (the goalie s area), setting an illegal screen, and charging.
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