Rules of Judo
Judo is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano .
1. Judo Game
Judo is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano . Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice . A judo practitioner is called a judoka.
Intentionally injuring an opponent is not permitted.
Punching, kicking, and other strikes are not allowed.
Touching the opponents face is not allowed.
Attacking joints other than the elbow is not allowed.
Head dives are not permitted.
The technique known as kawazu gake is not permitted.
The technique known as kani basami is not permitted.
Wearing any hard or metallic object during competition is not permitted. The penalty for violating this rule is hansoku make (see Penalties, below). This includes wedding rings, earrings, hard-plastic protective gear, hair-ties with metal parts, wristwatches, and even press-studs on underpants.
Contestants must bow before stepping onto the mat.
Contestants must bow to each other before and after practice or competition.
Inappropriate behaviour, such as foul language and bodily gestures, is not tolerated.
4. In competition only
Stalling is not permitted.
Using a defensive posture is not permitted.
It is required to bow to the competition area.
False attacks are not permitted. They are considered attempts to circumvent the prohibition against noncombativity.
Disregarding the orders of the judge is prohibited.
Awarding of ippon One full point. Award of ippon decides the winner and ends the match.
Awarding of waza-ari One half point. When two waza-ari are awarded in the same match, it is considered to be same as ippon and the match ends.
Awarding of yuko . One score of waza-ari is considered greater than any number of yuko scores. Yuko is currently the smallest score that can be awarded.
Awarding of koka . Was introduced in 1975 and removed from IJF competition at the end of 2008. Any number of koka scores does not add up to a yuko score.
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