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Rules of Judo
Judo is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano .
1. Judo Game
Judo is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano . Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice . A judo practitioner is called a judoka.
2. Safety
  • Intentionally injuring an opponent is not permitted.

  • Punching, kicking, and other strikes are not allowed.

  • Touching the opponents face is not allowed.

  • Attacking joints other than the elbow is not allowed.

  • Head dives are not permitted.

  • The technique known as kawazu gake is not permitted.

  • The technique known as kani basami is not permitted.

  • Wearing any hard or metallic object during competition is not permitted. The penalty for violating this rule is hansoku make (see Penalties, below). This includes wedding rings, earrings, hard-plastic protective gear, hair-ties with metal parts, wristwatches, and even press-studs on underpants.
  • 3. Etiquette
  • Contestants must bow before stepping onto the mat.

  • Contestants must bow to each other before and after practice or competition.

  • Inappropriate behaviour, such as foul language and bodily gestures, is not tolerated.

  • 4. In competition only
  • Stalling is not permitted.

  • Using a defensive posture is not permitted.

  • It is required to bow to the competition area.

  • False attacks are not permitted. They are considered attempts to circumvent the prohibition against noncombativity.

  • Disregarding the orders of the judge is prohibited.
  • 5. Scoring
  • Awarding of ippon One full point. Award of ippon decides the winner and ends the match.

  • Awarding of waza-ari One half point. When two waza-ari are awarded in the same match, it is considered to be same as ippon and the match ends.

  • Awarding of yuko . One score of waza-ari is considered greater than any number of yuko scores. Yuko is currently the smallest score that can be awarded.

  • Awarding of koka . Was introduced in 1975 and removed from IJF competition at the end of 2008. Any number of koka scores does not add up to a yuko score.



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