Rules to play Shot Put
The shot, a metal ball , is put not thrown with one hand.
1. Start with a lightweight shot
The word shot refers to a heavy ball, which contestants try to hurl as far as they can. Beginners should start with a light shot, between 4 and 8 pounds (1.8 3.6 kilograms), since this lowers the risk of injury if the wrong throwing form is used.
Once you have the basic throwing technique down, and some practice under your belt, you can move on to heavier shot puts. Standard weights for competition vary depending on the age and sex of the competitors, and the nation hosting the competition.
2. Stand inside the circle
When shot putting, you must stay within the circle during the entire throw. The circle is usually painted on a slab of concrete, and is 7 feet (2.13 meters) wide for official competitions. If you step outside the circle during the throw, it is a foul and is not counted in the competition.After throwing, the athlete must exit the circle through the back half of the ring, not the front, or the throw becomes a foul. (This avoids arguments over whether an athlete stepped over the line during the throw or afterward.)The circle usually has a toe board in front that will block the athletes foot from going too far forward. You are not allowed to step on top of the toe board.
3. Determine the winner
After the shot lands, the distance from the front of the circle and the location of the landing is measured. However, the shot must land within the cone-shaped throwing field, or else it is a foul. The athlete whose shot lands farthest from the circle, without committing a foul, wins the round.
If you need to make your own cone-shaped throwing field, set it up using two equal lengths of string at least 50 feet long each (the sides of the cone), then a third length (the end of the cone) exactly 60% as long. Measure the long sides from the center of the circle.
4. Push dont toss
Because the shot is so much heavier than balls in other sports, it cannot be tossed overhand or underhand without high risk of causing a pulled muscle or other injury. Always push the shot put out by extending your arm in one direction, without swinging it. Read the instructions below for more information about standard throwing techniques.
5. Grip the shot with your fingers
Cup the shot, or heavy ball, with your fingers and thumb along the back side of the ball. Dont touch the shot with your palm, and dont spread out your fingers around the ball. Use your dominant hand.
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